Since the Snowden revelations, it has become apparent that governments are conducting mass surveillance and data retention in collaboration with other countries and private communications companies. In particular, it has become clear that loopholes in old legislation have been exploited, demonstrating that surveillance legislation in many countries desperately needs updating.
In some places, the trend has been to bring forward new legislation granting expanded surveillance powers without adequate safeguards. In addition, oversight mechanisms have been shown to be weak, and transparency and accountability in intelligence activities has been lacking.
INCLO has released a new publication on Surveillance and Democracy, exploring some of these issues. This report offers a ground-level view of some of the ways surveillance, and digital electronic surveillance in particular, is impacting on the lives of citizens and residents in ten countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and the Middle East.
The report can be accessed here: http://www.inclo.net/pdf/surveillance-and-democracy.pdf